Archive | Policy Briefs

UJCI Africa-China Policy Brief No 5

Sino-Kenyan Co-operation: Whither the West?

Dr Westen K Shilaho, Postdoctoral Fellow, SARChI Chair of African Diplomacy and Foreign Policy, University of Johannesburg

March 2018

This Policy Brief analyses co-operation between China and Kenya against the backdrop of Kenya’s international relations from independence to the present. It places this co-operation in the ambit of Kenya’s security and infrastructure development, in line with Kenya’s Vision 2030, the African Union’s Agenda 2063, and Kenya’s democratisation. It finds that, despite Kenya’s perceived shift to the East, the West still exerts significant influence over its domestic and international affairs. However, in forging its international relations policies, Kenya should be guided by the interests of its citizens instead of being preoccupied with whether it aligns itself with the West or with China.

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UJCI Africa-China Policy Brief no 4


Sino-African Relations in 2017: Where to from here ?

Dr David Monyae, Co-Director, University of Johannesburg Confucius Institute
Bhaso Ndzendze, Research Assistant, University of Johannesburg Confucius Institute

China is playing a growing role in Africa. Despite political transitions in at least five African countries, relations with China in 2017 showed both resilience as well as great prospects. In this Policy Brief, the authors review of some of the milestones in Sino-African relations during the past year, and a summary of what to expect in 2018 and beyond.

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UJCI Africa-China Policy Brief No 3

The US, Russia, China and Africa in the Evolving Global Order

Dr David Monyae, Co-director, University of Johannesburg Confucius Institute

This Policy Brief examines the current global order in which Africa is widely seen to have been given a peripheral role, but which is also in a state of change, due to the resurgence of China and Russia and the intentional decline of the United States and the West at large.

It is divided into five sections. The first assesses the rise and decline of the US-dominated post-1945 world order. The second analyses Russia’s post-1989 orientation, and its dealings with the West. The third examines China’s opening up while retaining a Chinese self-understanding and its subsequent promulgation of a globalisation with Chinese characteristics. The fourth assesses Africa’s position in the crumbling post-1989 world order through three lenses: (1) its peripheral stature in the international financial architecture, (2) its international political positioning after the 2008 global financial crisis which, ironically but typically, it did not help to create, but suffered the most from; and (3) its asymmetrical standing in the international legal and moral framework. The final section outlines the implications of the changing global order, and offers policy prescriptions for Africa.

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UJCI Africa-China Policy Brief No 2

The BRICS Model of South-South Cooperation

Swaran Singh, August 2017

In this Policy Brief, Prof Swaran Singh of the School of International Studies of Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi, India, traces the history of South-South Cooperation, and examines the potential of the BRICS Alliance for advancing its ideals.

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UJCI Africa-China Policy Brief No 1

BRICS Studies: Some Suggested Themes

Chris Landsberg, Francis A. Kornegay, Jr and Mzukisi Qobo

ABSTRACT: Developing interdisciplinary policy studies focusing on Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) can be considered a natural spin-off of the annual BRICS summitry, inclusive of the think-tanks, academic forums, and symposia forming part of the build-up to the heads-of-state event.  This Policy Brief extrapolates themes as a basis for considering why BRICS warrants its own identity as a field of study, and what this might constitute. The suggested themes are presented as four illustrative modules, indicative of how an academic and/or policy agenda might be constructed. The proposed modules fall into two subcategories: strategic studies and functional studies. The focus of this exercise is on strategic studies as the overarching conceptual framework for BRICS Studies. It concludes with a selected listing of illustrative resources as an analytical base for BRICS studies development.

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Africa-China Policy Brief

Regional Industrialisation in Southern Africa: The Role of African–Sino Partnerships

May 2017

This Policy Brief was developed by the UJCI and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), in collaboration with Oxfam International’s Africa-China Dialogue Platform, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. It reflects and elaborates on the deliberations at a seminar entitled ‘Prospects for SADC Regional Integration through Industrialisation and the Role of China’, held in Sandton, Johannesburg, on 20-21 April 2017.

Its development was guided by Dr David Monyae, Co-Director of UJCI; Prof Said Adejumobi, Director of the UNECA Subregional Office, Southern Africa; and Mr Gedion Jalata of Oxfam International, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The Rapporteurs were Dr Fritz Nganje, Ms Hellen Adogo, Dr Mzwanele Mfunwa, Dr Oliver Maponga, and Mr Joab Okanda.

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